Varicose veins are defined as enlargement, elongation and curvature of veins. Veins are the vessels that carry dirty blood to the heart. Many factors that play a role in the formation of varicose veins have been proposed. Heredity, risky lifestyle and smoking have been shown to be the leading risk factors because of higher rates of varicose veins in patients with venous insufficiency. As the age progresses, as a result of deterioration and loosening of the vascular structure, leg swelling, tingling, cramping, restless legs, capillary or large vessels appear, thickening of the skin, brown discoloration and finally may occur as a wound.
Varicose veins are reduced with medication. For capillary varices, dermal laser, thermocoagulation, sclerotherapy or foam treatment are applied. For larger varicose veins, treatment with radiofrequency, laser, foam or adhesive may be appropriate. In very special cases, classical surgical treatment is applied.
The aim of the treatment of varicose veins is to improve the quality of life. The disease usually has a benign course and most patients do not require surgery and good results are obtained with conservative treatment methods. Therefore, interventions should be avoided if the symptoms are not very serious. Therefore, treatment of varicose veins should be performed by a person skilled in the art who can assess all stages of the disease.